American Indians occupied the area in and around what is now known as Valley Forge National Historical Park as early as 10,000-8,000 BP (before present), enjoying the abundance of food and shelter offered by the river valley environment. During the winter at Valley Forge, American forces were able to retake New York. Valley Forge was a camp that the Militia, or the American soldiers camped in through the Winter. Von Steuben has spent time Yet work remained to be done. Encampment George Washington and the Continental Army spent a brutal winter there in 1777-78, and during this time, many soldiers died not from battle, but instead from cold, disease, and hunger. Why is this question significant? Realizing that the army existed at only a portion of its authorized strength, Congress consolidated regiments and created a more streamlined force. Valley Forge: Valley Forge, Pennsylvania was where the Continental Army spent the winter of 1777. While some refused to accept it, the nature of the war changed in July 1776 when a large contingent of English and Hessian troops reached America’s shores and sought to crush the rebellion. Valley Forge was a naturally defensible plateau where they could train and recoup from the year’s battles while winter weather, impassable roads, and scant supplies stopped the fighting. Discover the stories behind some of the famous names who made Montgomery County their home during those six months. Famous Revolutionary War People at Valley Forge The People at Valley Forge More than 10,000 men (and women) were part of the Continental Army's encampment at Valley Forge. Valley Forge was chosen for many reasons. In fact, blacks made up some 20 percent of America’s colonial population in 1776; close to one-half million … Of the roughly 12,000 Continental Soldiers at Valley Forge, 750 were black. By the time the army left in June 1778, every tree for miles around had been taken down for firewood or hut construction, as well as miles of farmers’ fences and many outbuildings. Going into it, they were disheartened and weary. Farmers quickly recovered, and within the decade the huts were largely gone, fields replanted, and woodlots re-sprouted. An Elegant Dinner with General Washington at Valley Forge Headquarters by Nancy K. Loane On the afternoon of April 5, 1778, four feisty women, accompanied by an escort, Israel Morris, boarded their coach in British-occupied Philadelphia and set… A grown woman in her late twenties didn’t know why Valley Forge has historical importance. They exuded the confidence of men who knew that they had come close to beating the British in battle. The women present at Valley Forge included approximately 400 enlisted men’s wives who followed the army year-round and a few general officers’ wives who came on extended visits. French assistance was crucial to the success of the Revolution. From here the Continental Army could protect the outlying parts of the state, with its wary citizens and precious military stores, as well as the Continental Congress, which had fled to York, Pennsylvania. The efforts of American agents in France and the strong performance of the continentals at the Battles of Saratoga and Germantown convinced the French to do more than provide covert aid. Most agreed that their log accommodations were “tolerably comfortable.”. Here are a few: The British were occupying Philadelphia for the winter. Following the American failures at the nearby battles of Brandywine and Germantown, Washington led 11,000 regulars to take … Where can you find the descendents of General Nathanael Greene? A Discussion the Valley Forge Encampment On both sides of the river, farms were improved, farmhouses enlarged, and large barns and other outbuildings added, changing the scale of what had been modest farms at the time of the encampment. Along Valley Creek, an iron works named Valley Forge was established, and a small industrial village including charcoal houses, a saw mill, grist mill, and company store grew up around it. While campaigning against superior numbers of professional soldiers, Washington’s men fought hard and were often on the offensive. The winter encampment at Valley Forge is one of the most famous episodes of the American Revolution. WHAT IS VALLEY FORGE AND WHY IS IT IMPORTANT? Well, the experience at Valley Forge really changed the soldiers involved. Valley Forge: Would you have quit/ re enlisted? The mythical narrative is important in its own right for it reveals something about our character in the heroic way we wish the Revolution to be remembered. 2. The Valley Forge area (terrain) was defensible. In late 1777 while the British occupied the patriot capital of Philadelphia, Washington decided to have his troops winter at Valley Forge, a day’s march from Philadelphia. During the 18th century, military tactics primarily included a respite from fighting during the winter months mainly because of the severity of the weather. the entire system of drill, evolutions, maneuvers, discipline, tactics, and Prussian formation into our Army. Unfortunately both of these works contain some of the myths that cannot be substantiated by the documents. Whether or not these disaffected persons were Quakers or from some other religious affiliation, resolute patriots referred to them all as “Quakers,” and persecuted some for not aiding the Continental Army. Concentrating the soldiers in one vast camp allowed the army to protect the countryside and be better able to resist a British attack, but it became costly when lack of supplies and hunger afflicted the inhabitants, and diseases like influenza and typhoid spread through the camp. Valley Forge was demographically, militarily, and politically an important crossroads in the Revolutionary War. The significance of the encampment lies both in its fact-based history and also its storied myth. C. after the hardships of Valley Forge, the American Army was Stronger, prouder, and better trained. The reorganization of 1778 represented a compromise between civilian and military ideals. American determination to survive at Valley Forge convince the British to surrender. Valley Forge and the Revolution put the United States on a long road to defining those ideals in ways satisfactory to all – a process still in the making. Valley Forge in Pennsylvania was the site of the military camp of the American Continental Army over the winter of 1777-1778 during the American Revolutionary War. King of Prussia, PA Valley Forge was chosen for many reasons. The Congress, after fleeing Philadelphia, were at York PA, west of Valley Forge. On June 28, at the Battle of Monmouth, New Jersey, Washington’s men demonstrated their new battlefield skills, as they forced the British from the field. At the same time he realized that American soldiers would not submit to harsh European-style regulation. While the conditions were harsh, Washington tried to provide for the comfort of his men. The September 1777, British occupation of Philadelphia brought the war to southern New Jersey. Valley Forge was the site of the 1777-78 winter encampment of the Continental Army. Everything You Need To Know About Valley Forge. Explain why you think each is important for a soldier to survive the war. 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